Making Informed Choices: Understanding The Different Types of Birth Control Methods

Birth Control Methods

Welcome to Bravoshe, where we believe in empowering women through thoughtful and purposeful hygiene and care products. Our mission is to redefine self. In today’s blog post, we will be discussing the different types of birth control methods available to women. It is important to make informed choices when it comes to contraception, as each method has its own benefits, risks, and side effects. By understanding the options, you can find the birth control method that best suits your needs and lifestyle.

Birth Control Side Effects

Before delving into the various birth control methods, it is crucial to have an understanding of the potential side effects associated with contraception. While birth control can be highly effective in preventing pregnancy, it may also come with certain side effects. These can vary depending on the method used and the individual’s body. Some common side effects include:

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Mood swings
  • Decreased libido
  • Acne
  • Breast tenderness
  • Changes in vaginal discharge

It’s important to note that not all individuals will experience these side effects, and they can vary in severity. If you have concerns about potential side effects, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider.

Types of Contraceptives

Now let’s explore the various types of contraceptives available:

1. Hormonal Methods

Hormonal methods of birth control work by regulating hormone levels in the body to prevent ovulation or fertilization. These methods include:

The Pill

Oral contraceptive pills are one of the most common types of birth control methods. They contain synthetic hormones that prevent ovulation and thicken the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to reach the egg.

Birth Control Patch

The birth control patch is a small, thin patch that is worn on the skin. It releases hormones similar to those found in birth control pills and is usually applied to the buttocks, abdomen, upper torso or upper outer arm once a week.

Birth Control Shot

The birth control shot, also known as the Depo-Provera injection, is a hormonal injection that provides protection against pregnancy for three months. It contains progestin, a synthetic hormone that prevents ovulation.


The contraceptive implant, also known as Nexplanon, is a small rod that is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It releases progestin and can provide protection against pregnancy for up to three years.

2. Barrier Methods

Barrier methods of birth control work by creating a physical barrier between the sperm and the egg. These methods include:

Male Condom

The male condom is a thin sheath placed over the erect penis to prevent sperm from entering the vagina. It is one of the most widely used methods of contraception and also provides protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Female Condom

The female condom is a pouch that is inserted into the vagina to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus. It also provides protection against STIs.


A diaphragm is a shallow, dome-shaped cup made of silicone that is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix. It prevents sperm from entering the uterus and needs to be used with a spermicide for maximum effectiveness.

3. Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)

Intrauterine devices are small, T-shaped devices that are inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of IUDs:

Hormonal IUD

A hormonal IUD releases progestin into the uterus, which thickens the cervical mucus and prevents sperm from reaching the egg. It can provide protection against pregnancy for up to five years.

Copper IUD

A copper IUD, also known as a non-hormonal IUD, is wrapped in copper wire and works by creating an environment that is toxic to sperm, preventing fertilization. It can provide protection against pregnancy for up to ten years.

4. Permanent Methods

If you are certain that you do not wish to have children in the future, permanent birth control methods may be an option:

Tubal Ligation

Tubal ligation, commonly referred to as “getting your tubes tied,” is a surgical procedure that involves sealing or cutting the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy. It is a permanent method of contraception and should be considered irreversible.


Vasectomy is a surgical procedure performed on males to cut or block the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles. It is a permanent form of birth control and should also be considered irreversible.

Birth Control Options

With all these birth control methods available, it is essential to choose the one that best meets your needs. Factors to consider include:

  • Effectiveness: Different methods have varying rates of effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. It is important to choose a method that aligns with your desired level of protection.
  • Convenience: Some methods require daily or regular attention, while others are more set-and-forget. Consider your lifestyle and which method would be the most convenient for you.
  • Side Effects: As previously mentioned, each birth control method may have different side effects. Research and speak with your healthcare provider to understand the potential side effects associated with each method.
  • Health Considerations: Certain health conditions or medications may influence your choice of birth control method. Consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best option for you.
  • STI Protection: If protection against sexually transmitted infections is a concern, barrier methods such as condoms should be considered.

Remember, it is important to have an open and honest conversation with your healthcare provider when considering birth control options. They can provide personalized guidance and help you make an informed decision based on your individual needs and circumstances.

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